Botanical, Acacia Longifolia, Forest Flora South Australia, Rosa Fiveash, John Edne Brown
(Common names: long-leaved wattle, acacia trinervis, aroma doble, golden wattle, coast wattle, sallow wattle and Sydney Golden Wattle in New South Wales)
Antique chromolithograph by E. Spiller after botanical illustrations by Rosa Catherine Fiveash (1855-1938).
Printed at the Government Printer (corner of King William Rd./North Tce) by H. F Leader, issued by subscription 1882-90 for John Edne Brown's Forest Flora of South Australia. Distribution: Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania
Rosa Fiveash: A student of the Adelaide School of Art, Forest Flora was her first large commission. She painted all illustrations and diagrams, often using a magnifying glass due to demand for great accuracy. Rachel Biven in "Some Remembered, Some Forgotten" considered her the foremost botanical artist in Australia. Rosa introduced China Painting to South Australia and painted until she was 80.
Condition: Very good. Small blemishes. Fold on the bottom right corner.
John Edne Brown & Forest Flora of South Australia
“The Forest Flora of South Australia” that was offered for sale by subscription between 1882-90. John Ednie Brown (1848-1899) was born in Scotland and visited the USA in 1871 writing a report on the Californian forests. This brought him to the attention of the Colonial South Australian Government who offered Brown the position of Conservator of Forests in South Australia. Not only had South Australia's native habitats been put under pressure by the success of commercial cropping but also by pastoral activities. There was great public concern. Brown had seen similar pressures on the California flora.
Brown knew that the pressures of commerce were hard to resist. He set about recording the largest & most accurate group of lithographs depicting Australian native plants, and their distribution, made in the colonial period. The Botanical Gardens of South Australia, established in 1856, could harvest and store seeds, local artist, Rosa Catherine Fiveash, was taught to depict the samples for classification and the South Australian Government Printer could use chromolithography to print the collection for subscribers. This task would enable the rehabilitation of natural habitat as opportunity allowed.
John Edne Brown was to be known as “The Man of Trees”. Indeed, Brown and Friedrich Krichauff, a prominent advocate of scientific agriculture and forestry., turned their concerns for loss of native vegetation to promote the inaugural Arbour Day, celebrated in the south parklands on 20 June, 1889. The concept was conceived by Nebraska in the USA in 1872.
Paper Size 41 x 55 cm (16 1/3 x 22 inch)/ Image Size 34 x 45 cm (13 1/2 x 18 inch)
Certificate of authenticity supplied.