Botany, South Australia, Eucalypt Hemiphloia, Rosa Fiveash, Forest Flora 1882
Botany Forest Flora South Australia Eucalyptus Hemiphloia Fiveash, Barrett, Brown, Antique
Antique chromolithograph by Harcourt Barratt after "a photograph", which was a new technological tool for the botanical illustrator, albeit in black and white. Common name is the Grey, or White, Box Gum.
Printed at the Government Printer (corner of King William Rd./North Tce) by H. F. Leader, issued by subscription 1882-90 for John Edne Brown's Forest Flora of South Australia
Condition: Very good. Paper unblemished. Small mended tear on left edge
John Edne Brown & Forest Flora of South Australia
“The Forest Flora of South Australia” was offered for sale by subscription between 1882-90. John Ednie Brown (1848-1899), born in Scotland, he visited the USA in 1871. Brown wrote a report on the Californian forests, assessing the impact of pressure by grain & pastoral activities.
The young colony of South Australia's native habitat was showing similar fatigue and Brown was soon after offered the position of Conservator of Forests in South Australia. Commercial cropping had earned the British colony the title "Granary of the Empire". Indeed grain from Mount Barker had been voted "the Best in the World"at the Great Exhibition of 1851. (Royal Agricultural & Horticultural Society of SA Inc. Archives, Wayville Showgrounds)
Brown had seen similar pressures on the California flora so set about recording the largest & most accurate group of lithographs depicting Australian native plants made in the colonial period. This would serve as a local botanical record, the Botanical Gardens established in 1856 could harvest and store seeds, and local artists, primarily Rose Catherine Fiveash, were taught to depict the samples for classification. Fiveash was responsible for 32 of the 45 botanical image sold by subscription between 1882-1890. "Miss Camilla Hammond and Mrs. Smart sketched the native cherry.." and Barratt used photographs as references for many of the seed, bark and flower details.
They were chromo-lithographed by Harcourt Barrett (1838- 1904) and printed by the South Australian Government Printer in Adelaide. Barrett had arrived in the colony in 1881 and was accredited as being a highly qualified chromolithographer.
Paper Size 41cm x 55cm (16 1/3 x 28 inch)/Image Size 34cm x 45cm (18 x 22 1/3 inch)