Edmund Gunter (1581 – 10 December 1626), was an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer. He is best remembered for his mathematical contributions which include the invention of the Gunter's Chain, the Gunter's Quadrant, and the Gunter's Scale. In 1620, he invented the first successful analog device which he developed to calculate logarithmic tangents. Gunter's scale or Gunter's rule, generally called the "Gunter" by seamen, is a large plane scale, usually 2 feet (0.61 m) long by about 1½ inches broad (600 mm by 40 mm), and engraved with various scales, or lines. On one side are placed the natural lines (as the line of chords, the line of sines, tangents, rhumbs etc.), and on the other side the corresponding artificial or logarithmic ones. By means of this instrument questions in navigation, trigonometry, etc., are solved with the aid of a pair of compasses. It is a predecessor of the slide rule, a calculating aid used from the 17th century until the 1970s.